The military junta said it shuttered the country’s airspace because of the “threat of intervention.” An ECOWAS demand to restore President Bazoum or risk military action has now expired.
Niger’s military junta has announced the closure of the country’s airspace, expectant of a West African bloc’s threat to carry out a military intervention in the country should ousted President Mohamed Bazoum not be released and reinstated.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) had given the coup leaders until Sunday to reverse their military takeover and restore Bazoum’s rule. The deadline has now passed, with the junta organizing large shows of support in the capital Niamey in the run-up to its expiration.
The regional bloc was expected to release a statement in response on Monday.
What did the junta say?
The junta said it was closing Niger’s airspace “for all aircraft until further notice” as of Sunday, citing “the threat of intervention” as its motive.
It warned that any attempt to violate the country’s airspace would be met with an “energetic and immediate response.”
The so-called National Council for the Safeguard of the Homeland, a council of generals who have taken power, said it had seen indications of a “pre-deployment in preparation for intervention” by two Central African countries it did not name.
How did other countries react?
France discouraged any travel to Niger, Burkina Faso or Mali, where the military also took power by force in 2022 and 2020.
Germany and Italy called for an extension of the ECOWAS deadline and urged seeking a diplomatic solution. “The only path is a diplomatic one,” Italian Foreign Minister Antonio Tajani told La Stampa newspaper.
Germany’s Foreign Ministry said that ECOWAS mediation efforts were “still ongoing.”
“We hope that these efforts will ultimately lead to success and that constitutional order will be restored in Niger,” a ministry spokesman told a press briefing.
Berlin also warned Niger’s junta against acts of violence against Bazoum, saying that coup plotters “will have to face severe personal consequences” if such acts occur.
Meanwhile, the junta’s top allies Mali and Burkina Faso, said they were sending a joint official delegation in a show of solidarity with Niger on Monday.
It warned that “any state involved will be considered co-belligerent.”
ECOWAS deadline passes
On July 30, ECOWAS defense chiefs said they had agreed to intervene if the junta did not meet its demands within one week and return the country to normal constitutional order.
On Friday, the bloc’s defense ministers said that they had reached a plan for military action against Niger’s junta.
But on Saturday, the junta, led by the former head of the presidential guard, General Abdourahamane Tchiani continued its move to consolidate power by appointing military insiders to key government positions.